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May 10 Sermon Notes & Quotes
“Sons, Not Slaves” (Part 2)
Luke 15:11-32

Galatians 4:6-7 Review

  • Because of our faith in Jesus Christ, we are into the family of God. We now possess the Spirit of Christ and are able to cry out, “Abba, Father” (Galatians 4:7)

Luke 15:11-32 Sermon Outline

  • The of the Younger Brother
  • The of the Older Brother
  • The of the Matter


  • Jesus told the Parable of the Prodigal Sons to two groups of people:
    • (Luke 15:1)
    • (Luke 15:2)

The Heart of the Younger Brother

  • The Younger Brother his Father and treated Him with (5:12).
  • When the Younger Brother “came to Himself” (15:17), he told his father, “Treat me like a ” (15:19).

The Heart of the Older Brother

  • The Older Brother his Father and treated Him with .
  • I have for you, but you never even gave me a (15:29).

The Heart of the Matter

  • The younger brother did the things outwardly; he did not possess the of a true son. The older brother did all the things outwardly but inwardly did not possess the of a true son.
  • Here’s the punch: the morally debauched younger brother was saved, but the morally “righteous” older brother was not. Do you understand why? If not, please contact a pastor.


  • “Our understanding of Christianity cannot be better than our grasp of adoption” (J. I. Packer,
    Knowing God, 201). Packer also wrote, “If you want to judge how well a person understands
    Christianity, find out how much he makes of the thought of being God’s child, and having God as his
    Father. If this is not the thought that prompts and controls his worship and prayers and whole
    outlook on life, it means that he does not understand Christianity very well at all.”
  • “See what kind of love the Father has given to us, that we should be called children of God; and so
    we are” (1 John 3:1).
  • “To all who did receive him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children
    of God— 13 children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born
    of God” (John 1:12-13).
  • Many Christians go through life with a “prodigal suspicion.” Much like the Prodigal, “we have the
    status of sons, but the mind-set of a hired servant” (Ferguson, Children of the Living God: Delighting
    in the Father’s Love, 31). Often, our concentration is focused so heavily upon our failure to keep the
    law that we believe we must relate to God as servants only. But in Jesus Christ, God receives us as
    sons, not slaves.